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Samia ricini, or the Eri silkworm, is raised in India and parts of the Orient for its silk. They will be a couple of days behind all the way through their life cycle. Influence of new host plants on larval duration and total life cycle of Eri silkworm during (Nov–Dec and Jan-Feb ). 3. Influence of new host plants on. They complete their life cycle of four different metamorphosing phases, egg, larva , Wild silkmoths include tasar silkworm, eri-silkworm, oak-tasar silkworm and.

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Silkdorm disritbution and polyphagy of this insect species had resulted in extensive variation in the population. When the adult moth emerges from a cocoon it makes a hole to get out. The Indian tasar silkworm, Antheraea mylitta is a natural fauna of tropical India. Eri silkworms are continuously brooded, meaning that they do not go into diapause, and their life cycle is continuous without regard to seasons.

After moulting for 4 times by 32 days [Figs. Both are equally suitable for feeding the eri silkworm. The ecoraces are uni, bi or trivoltine depending upon the geo-ecological conditions and differ from each other in qualitative and quantitative traits.

When their secretion stops then moulting stops, worms become inactive, and when secretion starts worms become active again. Any building or thatch which is well ventilated may be used for rearing the worms, but mud-walled thatched houses are the best as they are cool in summer and warm in winter season. They eir very unlike the mulberry worms, in that they need to feed in a group – if they wander off alone, they tend to stop eating and die. Here, you can see a newly ecdysed fifth-instar worm top and a fourth-instar worm bottom.


The pin in the photo is to show the scale; it’s a standard steel sewing pin. The species of ligustrum changes partway through, from Ligustrum vulgare to Ligustrum ovalifoliumbecause the leaves were staying moist better.

The silk fibres are then extracted from those abandoned cocoons. After hammock formation larva comes out from the hammock to form a ring around the twig. List of Top 4 Special Pesticides. The mature larvae spin cocoons which are hard with different colours according to the types of plant leaves they fed. Following mating, the female starts egg laying that may continue up to 3 days. Disease-free seed cocoons are obtained from grainages or agencies and reared fully pf.

The mechanism is slightly different than the mulberry ones due to hard nature of the cocoons, which is due to presence of a gummy substance. The larva on hatching is greenish yellow.

Four cocoons are used constantly as long as the reeling continued for each spindle.

Samia ricini, the eri silkworm

They will be a couple of days behind all the way through their life cycle. Machans are needed to accommodate large number wri trays in a limited space. But they differ from mulberry in two respects. Yellow colour body larvae can also be seen. The eggs are ovoid, candid white. Eri silk, no doubt, is also produced in Bihar but Assam is the largest producer of Eri and Munga Silk.

Non-violent or piece or ahimsa silk is made essentially from non-mulberry silk cocoons.

Life Cycle of Various Silk Moths

By piercing one end of the cocoon the adult moths come out. It can also be reared on host plants similar to that of tasar worms. Right below the first section are the true legs; these will become the legs of the moth.


After sufficient boiling, the cocoons are taken out washed with water several times to remove soda, squeezed to remove water and then spread on mats to dry. In wild, cocoons are spun between folds of leaves.

I’ve read, although I haven’t tested it myself, that if you try to pick up a worm without first getting it to let go silkwrom a branch, its grip is so strong it will rip in half before letting go. Then the silk thread is spun from open ended eri or tasar cocoons and from pierced muga cocoons silworm have been used for breeding or those found in dri Fig.

The primary food plant of this polyphagous insect is castor Ricinus communis L. The moulting hormone ecdysone plays a vital role.

The ljfe are greyish brown in colour with prominent eye spot [Fig. Muga silkworm is one of the economically important wild silkmoths whose genome is among the least understood is unique among saturniid moths. Production of Raw Silk. These are all less than a day old.

After the fourth moult, the caterpillar eats voraciously and becomes fully grown.

They complete their life cycle of four different metamorphosing phases, egg, larva, pupa and adult moths. The spots are of various types; silkworn, double, zebra and semi-zebra. The worms are generally green in colour with hairs on cuticle [Fig. The Kharikas with the hatched worms are hanged on the host plants.


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