One mushroom species in particular beckons me: Agarikon, Fomitopsis officinalis . This mushroom has been used medicinally for thousands of. PDF | On, Andrej Gregori and others published Spread of the fungus Fomitopsis officinalis inoculated in stems of living larch in Slovenia. J Nat Med. Mar;72(2) doi: /s Epub Feb 7. Lanostane triterpenoids from Fomitopsis officinalis and their.
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Reduce the no of references. Can we expect the future decline to be in the same range as in the past? If possible some more information about North America.
Fomitopsis officinalis is a wood-inhabiting parasitic fungus forming distinctive conks that can be more than 50 fomiyopsis long, hoof-shaped or columnar. It is widely distributed in the the northern Hemisphere, mostly in subalpine, montane hypoarctic and boreal old-growth forests on large and old fomitosis trees e.
It is commonly known as Agarikon and has officinalsi ancient times been collected for medical purposes. It is globally reported rare or extremely rare and has declined significantly during the last centuries.
Synonymy Agaricum officinale Vill. Donk Boletus laricis F. Rubel Boletus officinalis Vill. Rubel Murrill Ocficinalis officinalis Vill. Fomitopsis officinalis is a famous species known from ancient centuries as an outstanding remedy used in formal and informal medicine.
For ages this fungus has been intensively collected in significant amount which together with a decrease of habitats due to forest cutting has led to a sharp decline of its population. This species has wide distribution all over the northern Hemisphere. However to date everywhere it is reported ofdicinalis rare or extremely rare and declining species.
Red listed at least in 8 countries. Included in Red Data Books of 13 regions of Russia. It is a Holarctic species with predominantly montane hypoarctic and boreal distribution. The species distribution approximately coincides Larix spp in Eurasia and Larix, Pseudotsuga and some species of Picea in North America.
Fomitopsis officinalis has fomitopdis significantly during the last centuauries. There are many records from different countries and continents about continuing reduction of population and decrease of habitats compared with the first half of XX century.
Although a few reports of this fungus have been confirmed from the Great Lakes region Gilbertson and RyvardenF. During 26 years of investigation it was found only officina,is times in 26 localities. Today the species is rare in regions where it earlier was common.
Fomitopsis officinalis – Wikipedia an piemontèis, l’enciclopedìa lìbera e a gràtis
This species was quite common in Irkutsk region and Buryatia Republik, but during years it has been harvested in tons a lot for medicinal purposes. In Lithuania and Spain there are no records officinails In France, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia a decrease has been fomiitopsis for the last 50 to years. Slight increase in the number of sites was reported in Switzerland, probably connected with ceased collecting and more sustainable forest management.
Widespread but rare in North America. Rare in Japan, and only seen in matured Larix or Picea forests. Rare, but seen in several places including Hokkaido Pref. The species is nationally red-listed in several European countries, e.
It is protected by law in Germany, Lithuania, Poland and Slovenia.
Fomitopsis officinalis is a parasite that continue to live as as a saprotroph after the death of the tree. Most frequently it occurs on trees belonging to the genus of Larix, less frequently to Pseudotsuga, Abies, Pinus, Picea, Tsuga and Cedrus. With the exception of Spain, where it was found on Pinus nigra subsp. In Asia, it grows also on L. Officinapis North America, it was found also on Pseudotsuga menziesii, Picea sitchensis, Offucinalis ponderosa, and Larix occidentalis.
It obviously prefers old and thick trees and hence old-growth forests predominantly in mountain areas. It causes brown rot of wood. It has long life up to years old. Perennial basidiocarps grow up to 40×65 cm Mukhin et all, Logging of subalpine forests, cutting of larch forests and single old veteran trees of Larix spp.
Changes in the age structure of forests, degradation and loss of habitats due to different economic purposes logging, building of tourists and sports constructions. Collecting of fruibodies for medicinal purposes.
Establishment of areas protected by law National Parks, nature reserves covering places of officinwlis species occurrence, prohibition of logging and removing of single old larch trees and other hosts. Prohibition of unlimited fruitbodies collecting, especially for trade. Strict controll of the fungus trade. Molecular research of F. Inventory studies and monitoring of known sites.
The basidiomata have been widely used since ancient times for medical purposes. Complementary and revised information on candidates for listing in Appendix I of the Bern Convention. Swedish Species Information Centre, 82 p. Spread of the Fomitopsis officinalis inoculated in stems of living larch in Slovenia, The fourth international medicinal mushroom conference, Ljubljana, — Medicinal mushrooms native to Slovenia. Acta Biologica Slovenica, 56 2Fraiture A.
Botanic Garden Officianlis, Meise. Bondartsev et Singer En. Rare, relict and endangered plants and fungi in Poland.
Distribution, frequency ofmitopsis biology of Laricifomes officinalis in the Asian part of Russia. Russian Journal of Mycology and Phytopathology, 39 5: Localities of Fomitopsis officinalis in Poland. Acta Mycologica, 39 1: Fungi of the national and regional Red Data Books of Russia, https: Go to another Suggested Species Scientific name Fomitopsis officinalis Author Vill.
Proposed by Tatyana Svetasheva Fomitopsis officinalis, Switzerland, Photo: