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Inthe World Health Organization WHO decided to launch a series of initiatives to put mental health on the global policy agenda and make it more visible throughout the world, and developed a set eh extremely useful instruments and programs.
A meeting was later held with the countries of the English-speaking Caribbean, in which a declaration similar to the Caracas Declaration was adopted first in Devon, Barbados, and later at an expanded meeting that included Martinique.
Monitoring was another important element of the Regional Initiative for the Restructuring of Psychiatric Care in Latin America that bears mentioning.
PAHO/WHO | Background and historical development of PAHO Mental Health Program
The launch of the Regional Initiative for the Restructuring of Psychiatric Care in Latin America during the Caracas Conference in Venezuela, held between 11 and 14 Novemberwas an historic event in this period. Inthe name of the technical unit was changed to the Mental Health, Substance Abuse, and Rehabilitation Unit to indicate the subject areas in which it worked.
If we prehhispanicos to evaluate the historical development of mental health services in Latin America and the Caribbean, using the Caracas Declaration as a point of reference, marked progress would clearly be observed in the majority of countries.
Final report; Washington, DC: Between andseveral technical meetings on mental health education were held, involving professors and subject specialists.
Some of the most important elements of the period were:. A directory of psychiatrists was created and a survey of psychiatric institutions was made with the collaboration of Latin American specialists. A similar, shorter-lived group was created in the Andean subregion.
Technical and financial assistance was also provided to the Costa Rican National Institute on Alcoholism.
Unfortunately, the majority of these experiences were short-lived due to a lack of continuity in funding Levav I, editor. Five major subject areas are mentioned:. Over the course of these two decades, training for mental health professionals at the undergraduate and specialty levels was a priority in the PAHO mental health antscedentes cooperation program.
The idea that promoting changes in psiquiatia care was convenient and necessary was gradually gaining ground, even though the time had yet not come for this to translate into specific stances or regional programs.
At this event, actions were proposed for the development of regional subprograms on: Levav retired in Octoberand Dr. Three conferences were held as part of this project: Using the available information, which focused primarily on the availability of beds in psychiatric hospitals, rates of mortality associated with mental disorders, and institutional admissions, an initial quantitative analysis of problems related to psychiatric care in the Region was conducted.
It offers a new opportunity to examine the issue and make it a priority on governmental agendas. Indeed, one of the noteworthy final recommendations urged that no more psychiatric hospitals be created and that alternative services to treat lla illness be offered as part of public health programs. The Technical Units became Projects, whose nature is essentially technical.
He also visited the majority of the psychiatric institutions and witnessed their deplorable conditions. Dissemination of the Brasilia Principlesa programming document marking a major prehispnaicos in the approach to restructuring mental health programs and services in the Region; Evaluation of the countries’ mental health systems using the methodology of the World Health Organization’s Assessment Instrument for Mental Ce Systems WHO-AIMS ; Emphasis on technical support for countries so that they can meet appropriate achievement levels in the implementation of their National Mental Health Plans; Strengthening technical cooperation in child and adolescent peehispanicos health.
Inthe work “Temas de Salud Mental en la Comunidad” [Mental Health Issues in the Community] was published and widely disseminated throughout the Hemisphere, particularly in universities and technical health schools.
Some major events took place in A project known as “Mental Health, Disabilities and Rehabilitation” was created, which, in addition to mental health, included the component of physical and mental disability. Administration of Mental Health Services].
Reports on the three subregional seminars mentioned above served as prehispanjcos basis for developing national mental health programs under the ministries of health in several countries. Over the course of this meeting, a large group of experts and guests discussed the lessons learned and future challenges. Technical and financial support from the U. Levav was the coordinator of this program.
The main objective of the meeting was to reach an agreement on the changes needed to modernize psychiatric care and promote broader, more comprehensive mental health activities. National Al of Health provided cooperation in this area.
To this end, close contact was maintained between the medical schools, the schools of public health, and psychiatry residency programs. At both subregional meetings, hospitalization in psychiatric institutions was criticized for the first time, and it was recommended that psychiatric care be included in public health systems and activities. Nevertheless, many nations in the Region still have a great deal of ground to cover.
Background and historical development of PAHO Mental Health Program
The project was grouped under a new area: A consensus was reached during this forum on the need to shift away from the classic insane asylum model and to put an end to custodial practices. These emerging issues, which had a tremendous social and heath impact, required appropriate responses laa the health sector—and still do. Strengthen the multisectoral approach to mental health; Promote family and community psiquiartia.
La Reforma de los Servicios de Salud Mental: Velasco Alzaga and finishing the execution of the aforementioned grant from the National Institute of Mental Health.
Another important aspect of the Regional Mental Health Program involved neurological diseases with a major psychological component.
Even though the new Declaration addressed already existing problems, no direct focus had been placed on these issues during the Caracas meeting, which centered more on reforming services and protecting psiquistria human rights of people with mental disorders.